Research led by the University of Birmingham has revealed that just 3% of children in England visited the dentist before their first birthday.
Researchers at the University of Birmingham’s School of Dentistry in collaboration with the University of Edinburgh and Public Health England analysed the 2016/17 NHS Dental Statistics for England Annual Report, and also found that nationally, only 12% of children had visited the dentist by their second birthday.
Published in Community Dental Health, it was also found that there were significant variations between local authority areas in the rate of children visiting dentists – with surprisingly a higher number of children in areas of deprivation visiting the dentist compared to those in more affluent areas.
One of the lowest rates of dental attendance for children aged under one was in West Berkshire, where attendance was less than one per cent, while deprivation in the area was ranked low.
In comparison, the highest rate of attendance in children aged under one was 12.3% in South Tyneside, which is one of the most deprived local authorities in England.
Variations in dental visits
‘Our findings were unexpected as we had anticipated seeing higher levels of attendance in more affluent local authorities, but this was not the case,’ explained Candy Salomon-Ibarra from the University of Birmingham.
Candy, the lead author of the study also said, ‘We explored with private dentistry providers whether children were being seen privately instead, but this does not seem to be the explanation.
‘More studies are needed to explore the reasons for such variations in rates of dental visits, such as a lack of local initiatives to encourage attendance or difficulties accessing NHS care.
‘The fact that so few children nationally under the age of two attend the dentist, no matter where they live or their economic circumstances, shows that policy makers face enormous challenge attempting to improve this situation.’
Familiarising children with the dentist
Dr John Morris, a senior lecturer in Dental Public Health at the University of Birmingham, added: ‘There is broad consensus that children should have a dental examination from a dentist as soon as the first teeth erupt, and no later than the child’s first birthday.
‘Early dental visits not only provide parents with information they require to prevent early childhood oral health issues, but it is also believed that such dental visits familiarise children with the dental environment and reduce future dental anxiety.
‘Poor oral health can cause pain and infection, which can affect eating, sleeping, socialising and learning, yet worryingly our research suggests that there is a widespread lack of understanding of the importance of taking children to the dentist before their first birthday despite considerable investment in encouraging parents to take their child to the dentist.’
The researchers said that the NHS spends approximately £3.4billion per annum on dental services.
In the two years to March 2016, tooth extraction was the main reason for hospital admission in five to nine-year olds and the sixth most common procedure in those aged under five.
In 2017, the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry, in partnership with the office of the chief dental officer England, launched a ‘Dental Check by One’ campaign to promote the importance of children attending the dentist by the age of one.
Claire Stevens, spokesperson for the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry (BSPD) and a consultant in paediatric dentistry, commented: ‘This latest research provides a useful baseline. Until recently parents were told to take their child to the dentist by school age which is clearly not soon enough.
‘Since BSPD introduced Dental Check by One in 2017 the campaign is still in its infancy.
As more practices subscribe to the Dental Check by One concept we hope to see the numbers of babies and toddlers gaining access to a dentist increase.’
- Salomon-Ibarra et al (2019). ‘Low rates of dental attendance by the age of one and inequality between local government administrative areas in England’. Community Dental Health. DOI: 10.1922/CDH_4390Salomon-Ibarra05
- Authors of the research were Candy Salomon-Ibarra, Vahid Ravaghi, Kirsty Hill and John Morris at the University of Birmingham; Colwyn Jones at the University of Edinburgh and David Landes at Public Health England.
- Candy Salomon-Ibarra was supported in this research through a scholarship from the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT) of Mexico.
- To read the 2016/17 NHS Dental Statistics for England Annual Report, visit: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/nhs-dental-statistics/2017-18-annual-report